History of Chandragupta Maurya
Chandragupta Maurya was the founder of the Maurya Dynasty. He was the first emperor who unifies India into one state and ruled from 320BCE to 297BCE. Chandragupta Maurya retired voluntary and endorsed the great Maurya Kingdom to his son Bimbisara in 297 BCE.
Chandragupta Maurya was the illegitimate son of the last Nanda king Sarvartha Siddhi, mother the maidservant, Mura. In the name of Mura, he named to his Kingdom Maurya. His life and administration were narrated in Buddhist and Jain scriptures. He was born sometime around 340 BCE, in Pataliputra, now Patna in the Bihar state of India. His childhood days were not recorded by scholars or other historians. His life only recorded after he founded the Maurya Dynasty.
End of the Nanda Empire
Before overthrow, the Nandas, king Chandra Gupta influenced by Brahmin and the reputed author of Arthasastra, which is a very famous book till now. Chanakya grooms Chandragupta to conquer and rule in the place of the Nanda Emperor. He taught Maurya how to raise army and tactics through different Hindu sutras.
His first attack on Nanda dynasty was failed. Then he met Alexander in 326 BCE and studied the Greek invasions and their successes in the wars. After Alexander’s death in 323 BCE, Chandragupta returned to Magadha, and killed Nanda king and proclaimed Maurya dynasty in 322 BCE. He put an end to the Greek rule in north-west India. He founded the dynasty in the name of his mother Mura.
Chandragupta Conquests :
In 304BCE he intended to expand his kingdom. He attacked Persia which was ruled by Seleucus I, Nicator, founder of the Seleucid Empire and the former general of Alexander. Finally, the attack was over under the peace treaty. As a part of the peace treaty, Seleucus gave his daughter in marriage to Chandra Gupta. Next Chandra Gupta Maurya turned his attention to south India, with an army of 4,00,000 he conquered all of the Indian territories except Kalinga.
Personal Life of Chandragupta
Chandragupta wife was Durdhara and lead the happy married life for a long time. When Chandragupta Maurya became the founder of Maurya dynasty, Chanakya think about the safty of the emperor. Gupta had few threats from the enemies and doubted there someone may be poision the food. So that Chanakya was adding small dosages of poison daily in the food which consumed by Chandragupta Maurya. This made his body resist the poison and could escape from the tries of the enemies to kill him by poisoning food.
During the last period of Durdhara’s pregnancy, she consumed some food of Candragupta Maurya. At the mean time Chanakya entered into the palace and saw poison effected queen. He realized that she would not live longer and wanted to save the baby in the womb. As soon as the thought arised in the mind, he took the sword and opened the womb and brought out the child and saved him. Later, the boy named as Bindusara and became famous king in Indian history. Few years later, Chandragupta married Helena who was the daughter of Greece General Seleucus. Since then he maintained alliance with Seleucus and strengthen the Maurya Dynasty.
Chandragupta Maurya Death:
He attracted to the preachers and principles of Jainism at the early age of 50. He has mostly put belief in the ascetic system in life. In 297BCE he wanted to follow the Jainism theories and handed over the power to his son Bimbisara. Later he travelled to the south and reached Sravanabelogola, now in Karnataka. He seated in a cave and started starvation and spent five weeks without drinking and eating until he died.
His legacy continued with Bimbisara and the great king Ashoka.