Bimbisara The Ancient King:
King Bimbisara was the famous king in Indian ancient history. He belonged to Haryank a dynasty and mentioned about his narrations in Buddhist and Jain scriptures. He came to the throne at the very early age of 15 by his father. His father was defeated by Brahmadatta, the king of Anga. When Bimbisara formed the Anga Kingdom and take avenged for the defeat of his father on Brahmadatta. He also brought revolution against Magadha and finally con quested it. Defeating Magadha was a major conquest in his career.
His Matrimonial Policy:
He concentrated on the expansion of his kingdom in the way, he followed the matrimonial alliances with his neighboring kingdoms. So he married his first wife who was the sister of Prasenjit, the king of Kosala, with this marriage Kasi came into his hands as dowry. In those days Kasi was bringing the revenue of one lakh. His second wife Chellana daughter of Chief Chetaka, third wife Vaidehi and fourth wife Khema, the daughter of Madra, who was very powerful and prestigious King in those days.
He followed the administration system of the Magadhan empire those are……..
The administration gave priority to the villages. The villages were the prime destinations for tax collections. The king appoints the chief to a village and the chief administrates the with the help of the village council. The central government was divided into three distinct parts. They are 1. The Executive Department 2. The Judicial Department 3. The Military Department.
These three departments looked after only by King Bimbisara. Mainly judiciary department works very strictly and imposes punishments very cruelly. The punishments were like amputation of hands or legs and unbearable imprisonment.
He maintained the religious tolerance. He gave equal priority to Jainism and Buddhism. Jaina and Buddha’s scriptures mentioned about Bimbisara and his life and administration. According to Jaina Uttaradhyana Sutra, Bimbisara meeting with Mahavira and his conversion to Jainism. Hence, the Buddhist literature refers to the meeting of Bimbisara to Gautama, seven years before the enlightenment and second meeting after he had become Buddha. The Buddhist texts also refer about the Bimbisara conversion to Buddhism by Gautham Buddha himself.
King Bimbisara Death:
Bimbisara’s death also mentioned in both Buddhist and Jain scriptures. Both were mentioned that he had been killed by his own son Ajatasatru. Ajatasatru kept Bimbisara imprisoned and there he felt seriously ill. In spite of Queen Challana nursing cured his disease and begged Ajata Satru to free his father. But the king felt insulted about his position and killed himself.
Legacy of Bimbisara
The coronation of Bimbisara was happen at the age of only 15 years. Since then he was succeeded not only expanding the empire to all directions of India and as well patronized the various aspects of the religions in those days. In the Jain texts, the king mentioned as Shrenik which means who had a large standing army. According to the present historians, he maintained a huge army than before. Bimbisara was not only a brave king but also the amicable relations maintainer with neighboring kingdoms. So that he followed matrimonial alliances with neighborliness states and succeeded. Therefore, he had a clear vision of ‘How to maintain the administration of the vast kingdom’. His political vision is still an admirable administrative principle to follow.