Adi Shankaracharya, the great Philosopher was born in 788 CE, Kaladi, Present in Kerala. He died in 820 CE at the early age of 32 only in Kedarnath, Pala Empire, Present in Uttarakhand. Shankaracharya was a noted Philosopher and theologiser from India. He reformed the rituals and doctrines in Hinduism, which was followed blindly by Hindus in those days. The Famous Philosopher Adi Shankara profoundly believes in the concept of Vedas”. He advocated against the rituals and religious practices.
Adi Guru Shankaracharya Early Days:
Adi Shankaracharya was born to Nambudri Brahmana couple Siva Guru and Aryamba, in a small village called Kaladi in Kerala. The couple had remained childless for a long time and prayed Lord Shiva for a child. Lord Shiva appeared in a dream and promised her that he would incarnate in the form of her child. Thus Lord Sankara incarnated as a boy and born to Aryamba. Sankara lost his father when he was quite young; his mother performed his Upanayana ceremonies with the help of his relatives.
At the early age Jagadguru Adi Shankaracharya was very brilliant, understand the theme of Vedas, he could easily recite the Puranas and Epics. Sankara’s thoughts filled with renunciation early in his life. He didn’t interest getting marriage and setting the life of a householder. His goal is separate, he wanted to resuscitate the Hindu religion, why because in the 8th century, the Hindu religion lost its glory by Orthodox practices by bigotry people, and the other religions like Buddhism, Jainism were flourishing a lot.
Adi Shankara wanted her mother to allow him to lead an austere life, but his mother denied his thoughts and wants him to get married. One day he was taking a bath in Purna river, suddenly a crocodile caught him and squeezing, though his mother wanted to rescue him and helpless. Then Sankara called out to his mother to give him permission to become a Sannyasin life or else the crocodile will kill him. No way to his mother and agrees on the desire of Sankara. As soon as Sankara left his mother and home in search of gaining Spiritual Knowledge.
Adi Sankara travelled far and wide in search of a worthy guru, who can remove the bigotries and make him the learner of Spiritual Knowledge. Finally, he reached the bank of Narmada river and reached the Asrama of Govinda Bhagavatpada, the renowned guru and the disciple of Gaudapada, who wrote the Mandukyakarikas. Govinda accepts Adi Sankara as his disciple. With the guidance and teachings of Govinda Bhagavatpada, Jagadguru Adi Shankaracharya attained the spiritual knowledge, and also gained the concepts of Jana, Raja and “Hatha Yoga. And then he received the knowledge of Brahma Sutras. After with the permission of his Guru, Adiguru Shankara Charya left the Ashram and travelled all over India to spreads the Brahma Sutras.
He travelled widely within India and participated in public Philosophical debates. Sankara defeated the Orthodox Philosophers in the debates and bring reforms in Hinduism. He also debates with heterodox traditions such as Buddhists, Jains and Carvakas.
During his journey, he established several Mathas to spread the philosophy of Advaita Vedanta. In subsequent, the mathas became the places to practice Advaita Sutras by his followers. Still, the Mathas are running successfully