Vinoba Bhave Biography
Vinoba Bhave was a well-known leader for the Bhoodan Andolan in India. He was born on September 11, 1895 in Gagode village in Colaba, Maharashtra, British India. His father Chitpavan Naraharishumbhurao Bhave and mother Rukmini Devi. Vinoba family belongs to Brahmin Clan and his mother Rukmini Devi influenced him to read Bhagavad Gita, Mahabharat and Ramayan. Even Vinoba Bhave also read some other Hindu Epic books at very early age and influenced by the themes of the books. He had two brothers, those also devoted their lives to service of Humans. Due to the philosophical concepts of the society made him to follow the principles of Mahatma Gandhiji’s Non-violence. Although he fought for the intensity of the human rights. These social welfare activities caused him as a National Teacher and the spiritual successor of M.K.Gandhi.
Vinoba Bhave With Mahatma Gandhi:
In 1916, he read an essay of Mahatma Gandhi in a newspaper. That made a lot of impact on Vinobha and wanted to devote his life to the poor people like Mahatma Gandhiji. Even he burned all his school and college certificates into a flame to follow an austere life. As soon On 7 June 1916 Vinoba Bhave met Gandhi and discussed the about the life and freedom of Indian people. After five years he went to Wardha to take charge of a Gandhi ashram. During these days there he brought out a monthly Magazine ‘Maharashtra Dharma’ in the Marathi language. Hence he wrote many essays on Upanishads and widely analyzed the themes of Upanishads. During those days the bondage between Gandhi and Vinobha went very strong.
In 1932 he went to jail for six months to Dhulia due to his conspiring against the colonial rule. There he gave speeches on Bhagwad Gita to the fellow prisoners and Later the preachers published as the book of ‘Talks on Bhagavad Gita’. In the coming years the book translated into many languages in the world. Vinoba books teaches us the religious integrity among various religious people in India. His teaching on various religions concepts indicates us that he was very broad in the truth of religions. We can be seen his thoughts on religion from his hymns ‘Om Tat’, which discussed the symbols and importance of principles of many religions.
He was not only a freedom fighter but also a spiritual teacher. He was the founder of Bhoodan Movement to reform the Land Laws and to bring the downtrodden people into the mainstream. On April 18, 1951, he started the movement of Bhoodan, which means land gift, after interacting 40 Harijan families, who had no land and their lives were heart rendering. Later he traveled all across India and requested the landlords, intended him as their another child and give one-seventh of their land. His request impressed many landlords and contributed to the Bhoodan movement. He ensured this work for 13 years and collected thousands of land and distributed the poor, who had not land for cultivation.
Acharya Vinoba Bhave thoughts on Hindu Epics
He was a great thinker, wrote numerous books on religious-based themes. Vinoba had excellent command in many languages and had profound knowledge on Geeta. He gave many speeches and wrote many books on Bhagwat Geeta. In his final days, Vinoba Bhave spent at his ashram in Paunar, Maharashtra and died on November 15, 1982. In 1958 he got the international Ramon Magsaysay Award for Community Leadership. Indian government awarded him with great civilian award Bharat Ratna posthumously in 1983.