Rabindranath Tagore Brief History:
Rabindranath Tagore was a renowned poet, writer, philosopher and Nobel laureate in literature. He was born on 7 May 1861 in a wealthy Brahmin family in Kolkata. His father Devendranath Tagore, a renowned philosopher and a noble man and mother Sarada Devi. He spent his childhood days with joy and profoundly enjoyed the atmosphere around him. He studied law at the University of London in 1880 but not completed his studies and got back home. Later he chooses his career as a poet and writer. He married Mrinalini Devi in 1883 at the age of 22 years and blessed with two sons and three daughters.
Rabindranath Tagore Early days:
Rabindranath Tagore’s formal education completed in local Oriental Seminary School. But he did not like the conventional education and started studying at home under several teachers. At the age of 11, he traveled all over India with his father Devendranath Tagore for several months. He visited his father’s Santiniketan estate and Amritsar before reaching the Himalayan hill station of Dalhousie.
Child Tagore in Literary works:
There, Tagore read biographies, studied history, astronomy, modern science, and Sanskrit, and examined the classical poetry of Kalidasa. Since his childhood days, he was very talent in writing poetry. So many times his poetry themes impressed the local people and made them surprise at his amazing talent. At the very early age of 8, he wrote his first poem. At the age of 16 in 1877, his first short story published in a local magazine and infused him to write many magnum opus in later years. His father had been working in Brahma Samaj and the religious discussions among the Brahmo Samaj scholars impressed on Rabindranath Tagore. He also studied the Sanatana Dharma and understood the concept of God. These ideas made Tagore create wonderful and universal subjects in his books. Tagore composed nearly 2,230 songs.
Noble Laureate and as a Poet:
Tagore introduced the Rakhi Bandhan ceremony, the symbol of unity among the people at the time of Lord Curzon decision to divide Bengal into two parts in 1905. He also wrote many national songs which make to infuse the freedom fighters and also attended protest meetings.
Gitanjali into the hands of Yeats:
He wrote Gitanjali in 1909 and translated it into English during his visit to London second time in 1912. There he met William Rothenstein, a noted British painter, in London. The impressed Rothenstien made copies of the poems and gave to Yeats and other English poets. Yeats passionate at the poems and later wrote the introduction to Gitanjali when it published in September 1912 in a limited edition. Finally, he got Noble prize for his book Gitanjali in 1913 and British King George V awarded knighthood in 1915. But his knighthood renounced in 1919 due to the Jallianwala Bagh massacre. He strongly supported Gandhiji but not entered into politics.
His Contribution to Bengali Literature:
His Bengal literature brings cultural consciousness through India. He greatly composed the magnumpous Gitanjali, which the great work with the combination of music and philosophy. It got Nobel Prize in 1913 and he was the first Nobel Laureate in Asia. He also wrote two national Anthems one is ‘Jana Gana Mana’ which the National Anthem of India and the another one ‘Amar Sonar Bangla’, the National Anthem of Bangladesh. In the world, he was only one poet whose poems have been choose by two different countries.
Educational Reforms and Establishing Santiniketan:
Tagore had a lot of interest in education and wants to bring some educational development in the rural areas. So he established Santiniketan in West Bengal in 1901 as a small school and had only about five students. The same Santiniketan had been developed and reached to the strength of nearly six thousand students and got university status in 1921. He settled near the Santiniketan and tried to reconcile the best of Indian and Western traditions.
The famous Indian leaders and prominent personalities also studied in Santiniketan. Our former prime minister Indira Gandhi was also a student of Santiniketan. Now the country was recognized the great university and supported to bring many educational and cultural systems in the university.
His Final Days:
Rabindranath Tagore was a precious gem of Mother India. People of India appreciate him for his great works in literature, his life and career and his strong desire of getting India free. His contributions to the fields of art and literature were marvelous and turned as a ray to the future generations. Such a great Gurudev died in Calcutta on August 7, 1941. He only died but his breath always wakes up when we sang ‘Jana Gana Mana’.