Muthuswami Dikshitar Life History

Muthuswami Dikshitar Early Days:

Muthuswami Dikshitar was born in 1775. He had two brothers and one sister; all were brought up with care and learned Sanskrit language and music at very early age. His family lived in Manali, Tamil Nadu. In his childhood days, his father architects his career as a musician. He read Hindu Philosophy, Puranas, and other sacred books. His father was his first Guru learning music. Muthuswami Dikshitar was in the teenager, his father sent him on a pilgrimage to know the physical knowledge by wandering various places. Then he joined as a disciple to Chidambaranatha Yogi and traveled all over North India. He learned philosophy and Hindustani music in Kaasi. The Yogi presented him a unique vina instrument and explained the purpose of his life. After few days the Yogi died, still, we can see his Samadhi in Hanuman Ghat, Kaasi. The same vina influenced him to compose new ragas in later years.

Muthuswami Dikshitar’s Contribution to Music:

muthuswami dikshitar

He came back to Tiruttani from Kasi to worship Lord Subramanya Swami. Daily he stood before the idol of Subramanya and sings the songs in Hindustani music to praise the God. One day the appeased Subramanya Swami appeared before him and asked openly the mouth. The Dikshitar opened his mouth and kept a piece of sugar candy. From then he composed the beautiful kirtans. Since then visited various temples like Shree Kaantimateem, Rameswaram and Kaasi and composed the Krithis praising the Gods.
After returned from Kaasi and settled in Tiruvaaroor.


Dikshitar and his brothers served to the composition of various tunes in Hindustani music and spread them in various holy shrine places. They gathered the disciples and taught them the music skills. One day he had no money to make the offering to his deities, then his disciple Kamalam, the famous classical dancer offer her jewels to get money for the offerings. However, he refused the jewels and composed a kirtan sang before the deities. As soon as he completed the song, the choultry manager gifted two cartloads of food and offering materials. Muthuswami Dikshitar wrote many songs and ragas, perhaps we have available only 461 songs and 191 ragams. His Krithis follows the slow tempo composition. In 1835, he went to ETTaiyapuram to attend a marriage in a Royal family, there he composed his last Krithis. On the way of returning back to ETTaiyapuram, he died on October 21, 1835.