India is the place for the birth of many religious beliefs and faiths. Here, everyone has the freedom to follow their beliefs and customs. All the religious people in Bihar celebrate their festivals with joy and colourful. The people eager to celebrate the festivals to implement the tradition and culture to the next generation. Friends and relatives come together on the festival day in order to strengthen the bondage among them. India has different regions, so different states celebrate some festivals differently. In Bihar people celebrates the festivals like Holi, Bhaiya Dooj, Durga Puja, Saraswati Puja, Chhath and some other festivals. Now some festivals are narrated below….
Chatth Puja is a famous celebrating festival in Bihar. This festival occurs after the sixth day of Diwali. This is an ancient Hindu festival dedicated to Sun God Surya. On the festival day, the devotees offer the prayers to the Sun God for the cause of sustaining the life on earth. During the day the devotees observe a fast and after the sunset, the devotees eat the sweet dishes to complete the fast. On the final day before the sunrise, devotees start puja at the river. Thousands of devotees attend to the celebrations.
The festival celebrates the winter season. Especially, this festival celebration held in Mithila. In the winter, the birds migrate to the plains from the Himalayas. The group of birds migrate to their native place. This fest shows the brother and sister relationship. On this day the girls make an idol of birds and decorate them traditionally. Then welcome the first pair of birds named Sama and Chakeva and wish these birds return again in the next year.
This festival celebrates in Shravan month [ the month of July or August ]. This is the month-long festival celebrates in Deogarh and Sultanganj. The devotees wear Saffron-coloured clothes and bring the water from sacred ghats at Sultanganj. They walk along 108 k.m to Deogarh on barefoot and bath the Shiva Linga. Many devotees from all over the country to attend this celebration.
Sonepur Cattle Fair
This festival was discussed in ancient mythologies and folklore. The Sonepur cattle fair is the largest cattle fair in Asia. The fair conducts on the full moon day after Diwali in Kartik masa. The elephants, sheep, camels, birds and other variety of cattle bought and sold here. Variety of handicrafts and handloom stalls put up here to sell. Many magicians and folk dancers perform their skills in this cattle fair. Many tourists visit this place every year.
Makara Sankranti Mela
This festival held with great pomp at Rajgir every year in January. The devotees worship the deities of Goddess Laxmi and other Gods with flowers, later dip into scared rivers. At Mandar hills, people celebrate this festival with great pomp. According to legends, an Asura threatened the people and Gods. Then furious Lord Vishnu cut off the Asura’s head and kept the body under the Mandar Hill.
This mela falls in the month of September and held in every year. During the Mela, the people all over India visited Gaya and perform Shraddha ritual to appease their ancestors. This Shraddha ritual performed by Magga Brahmans only. The Hindus believe that performing this ritual made the souls of the ancestors get salvation.
Rajgir is a famous ancient city associated with Jainism and Buddhism. It was a capital city of the Magadha Empire. Buddha and Mahavir spent most of their life in this city. The Bihar Tourism Department celebrates this festival every year. During the celebrations, the dancers, musicians, folk dancers and other art forms performed.