Indian Folk Art
Folk art of India is belonged to very ancient and passed from one generation to another. Still, these ancient art forms are practising in various places in India. They became a part of Indian tradition and culture. During the period of Indian art, many art forms were advanced and some vanished. However, the ancient folk art forms modified in colours and styles and still surviving in the society with their unique structure. The artists adopted the themes of art from epics, God and Goddesses. In olden days the artists used the natural colours, mud, charcoal and leaves. They painted on the canvas and cloth to bring the antiquity to the art. Here gave a brief description about 10 folk painting styles….
This art also famous as Mithila art. Once Mithila was the capital city of Janaka kingdom, at present in Bihar. This art form is in geometric patterns and mostly women practised this art. The art form was mostly decorated on the walls of the huts in ancient time. Many years this art was under the shadow. But the British discovered Madhubani paint after an earthquake in 1930. Then the British founded the walls of the broken houses with beautiful Madhubani paintings. Most of this art forms are in Mural shape with the subject of flora and fauna and God figures.
The art objects are painted in small size with great expressions. These art forms are influenced by Persian art style and flourished during Mughal era. Especially, Jahangir and Shah Jahan patronised to evolute this art through out their kingdom. The Rajasthani artists well impressed and adopted the art form into their native art. In this art, the artist painted mostly the humans and war incidents, the eyes were painted largely, pointed nose and shin waist. In these paintings, men wore always the turbans.
This is the traditional art form of Rajasthan. Phat artists paint the religious forms of folk deities Pabujai and devnarayan. These paintings are in large size and used fifteen feet high canvas or cloth. The artists used the natural vegetable colours and characterised the heroic deeds of the deities.
This is one of the ancient art forms of India. In 2500 B.C, the warli tribal people used these art patrons for the decorations. The patterns are in the form of circles, triangles and squares. The main subject of the art is hunting, fishing, festival celebrations, dancing and much more. The themes of the canvas are in red and black colours and the objects in white colour.
The art origin place was Madhya Pradesh. The Gondi tribal people created this art. The artists use the bright vibrant colours and the objects are Flora and Fauna. The colours prepared with coloured soil, cow dung and charcoal. The present artists adopted this style of dots and lines and implementing at present art forms. This art form was introduced by the famous Gond artist Jangarh Singh Shyam in 1960’s.
Kalamkari means ‘drawing with pen’. This art is very famous in machilipatnam and Srikalahasti in Andhra Pradesh. The colours prepared naturally with leaves, vegetables and other natural sources. The artists used one type of pen to bring unique pictures. Kalamkari art making is following two different types. In Machilipatnam most of the artists are following block-printed style. Sri Kalahasti artists are following the art drawing with pen on fabric. The art objects are flora and fauna. In Srikalahasti, the artists adopt the themes from the epic events.
The Tanjore art was originated during 16 and 17th century. The Thanjavur Nayakas patronaged to flourish this art form. The paintings made on wooden planks depict devotion to Gods and Goddess. The art form is the combination of Maratha, Deccan and European styles.
This is an old art form and Nakashi family in Telangana only practising this art. The art form has been passing from one generation to another. This Cheriyal scrolls art was influenced by Kalamkari. The Artists used primary colours. The scrolls are nearly 50 feet long and depicting Puranas and epics.
This painting style was originated in the 19th century at Kalighat, Bengal. At first, the artists adopted the themes from Hindu Epics. Later the artists concentrated on social reform subjects. They use the squirrel hair brushes to apply the colours. The artists used the cheap paper and colour pigments. The purpose of the paintings is to raise the awareness about the social conditions.