Salt Satyagraha Movement
Salt Satyagraha was one of the famous movement in the Indian independence struggle led by Mahatma Gandhi. After the advent of Gandhiji into the Indian Independence struggle, the entire picture of the political scenario changed profoundly. The British government imposed many taxes on every need of the people. Even they brought the salt law to impose the tax on the salt. Hence, the tax on salt became unbearable to the salt makers.
Gandhiji Announcement of Salt Satyagraha Movement
Gandhiji decided to break the salt laws which brought making salt very expensive for the middle-class people. Although Gandhiji wanted to break the laws by manufacturing salt at Dandi, a small village on the Gujarat sea-coast. On March 12th, 1930 Gandhiji and his 78 companions began from Sabarmati Ashram to Dandi as the 375 km trek. This trek later became famous as Salt March or Uppu Satyagraha movement. The movement end at Dandi village, hence the movement also called as Dandi march.
The announcement of the Dandi March brought a tremendous response from the public so far. Many people, the local leaders, and even women also participated widely in this Dandi March to strengthen the Gandhiji views on British Government. Where ever Gandhiji went, the village people welcomed him into their village and honored him with great respect. Finally, the Dandi March covered in 24 days to reach Dandi village.
Impact of Dandi March on Freedom Struggle
Day after day the newspapers narrated about the progress of the Dandi Yatra. Even, Gandhiji speeches impressed the people to know the importance of freedom in India. Astonishingly, the Indian officers who live on his route to Dandi resigned their jobs and participated in Gandhi Salt Satyagraha March. This entire episode brought about the passion of patriotism among the people. Finally, on 6th April 1930, Gandhi arrived Dandi, picked up a handful of salt in order to broke the Salt Law. This refusal of the salt law made a wave of enthusiasm swept the country. Even the women also participated in the movement of civil disobedience. In Delhi alone, 1600 women were imprisoned in the way of supporting the breaking of the salt law.
Impact of Salt Satyagraha
This civil disobedience movement of Salt Satyagraha or the Dandi March brought a lot of impact on the people to break the British imposed laws. Even the people boycott the schools, colleges, and service provided by the British. The furious British government behaved ruthlessly. Ordered firing and lathi charges on the women and the unarmed crowd. They arrested 90,000 Satyagrahis, Gandhiji, Nehru, Patel, and other leading Congress leaders. This salt satyagraha brought a boost to the upcoming movements led by Gandhiji. Due to this movement, harmony brought among Indian people towards getting India Independence.