Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose, The Real Hero of India:
Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose was born in a Bengali family in Cuttack, Orissa. His father’s name was Janakinath Bose, and his mother was Prabhavati Devi. His entire life was dedicated to the Nation to bringing freedom to his mother, India. He has fourteen siblings; the ninth was Netaji Subash Chandra Bose. His family members called him Ranga.
Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose Education:
In childhood, he was brilliant in every subject and had tremendous knowledge of social issues. He also stood in the second position in his matriculation examinations. Later he joined Presidency College in 1911. During college, he defied his professor EF Oaten, who always scolded the Indian people and made anti-India comments after he completed his B—a degree from Scottish Church College in the specialised subject of Philosophy.
The same year, he was admitted to Fitzwilliam College in Cambridge to appear in the Indian Civil Services Examination. In the exams, he got the fourth rank and secured excellent jobs, making him a lot of money and a luxurious life. But due to his father’s wish, he left England and joined in Indian National Congress to participate in the Independence struggle. He is never interested in joining British Government jobs.
Joining in Congress and Freedom Fight:
He worked with all famous Indian freedom fighters like Nehru, Patel, Moulana and many others. He also associated with National Congress with Mahatma Gandhi, the father of India. But his views differed from others, and he decided to leave Indian National Congress and choose the way of armed struggle to fight with the Britishers to get India’s Independence. For that purpose, he seeks help from Germany and Japan.
He went to jail eleven times to get independence from India. At one time, while he was working as a party president, he faced the divided concept of getting India’s independence. The Congress Committee wanted independence through a Dominion status, but Netaji stood up to advocate for complete freedom without obstructions. Bose was dared and never tolerated defying anybody to get India’s independence. He was elected two times as the president of the Indian National Congress. He also defeated Pattabhi Sitaramaiah, who was the nominee by Mahatma Gandhi. After he left the Congress party, he founded the Indian National Army, called Azad Hindu Fouze.
Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose’s Marriage with Emilie Schenkl:
During his concentration on getting Indian independence, he travelled many times to Russia, Japan and Germany. During those visits to Germany in June 1934, a familiar friend introduced Emilie Schenkl to Netaji. She was the daughter of an Austrian Veterinarian. Later when Bose wrote his book, The Indian Struggle, Emilie helped him to complete the book. After eight years, Netaji proposed to Emilie, and both got married in January 1942 in a secret Hindu ceremony. Emilie gave birth to Anita in later years. But the marriage was kept private for many years. Once, Emilie wrote a letter to Sarat Chandra Bose, the older brother of Netaji, about their marriage. After the rumours of the death of Subash Chandra Bose, Sarat Chandra Bose visited Emilie in Vienna. Since then, the families have maintained affectionate relationships.
Anita Bose, Netaji’s Only Daughter:
Anita Bose was born in Vienna on November 29, 1942. She grew up there under the observation of her mother. She used her mother’s maiden name.
Emilie wrote many letters to Chandra Bose about Anita Bose’s anxiety in Jungle book movies and other reactions when she saw the jungle animals. Anita was also a good educationalist. She studied economics, took an exciting turn as an economist in Germany, and was appointed a professor at Augsburg University.
She wrote the Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose book, based on Subhash’s biography. In the book, she discussed exciting facts about his father’s life and his struggle to get India complete independence.