That Desert is the only Desert in India and is located on the borders of India and Pakistan. Most of the part is occupied in the Marwar region, Rajasthan state. The place receives very little rain, so no large rivers flow through the Thar Desert. So the area is covered with sand and thorny trees only.
Thar Desert Climate:
Due to the slight rain and lack of water, the Desert is not supported for growing crops. Hence the people cultivate heat-based crops for their economic needs. Even though few places are covered with green grass, people graze sheep, goats, and camels for their sustain life. Here the people store the rainwater with great care for their animals and agriculture. Life in Thar is tough; one who lives in the region should face many problems in daily life. Significantly, the shepherds usually travel across many states with their herds and come back to their area before the rainy season. Due to the Thar desert weather, the people’s main occupation is grazing Sheep and camels, trading goats and wool of the Sheep.
Before inventing the sea route to India, the Europeans and Arab traders travelled to India through the Desert for trading. Many traders from India, Iran, and Afghanistan travelled through the region. However, the journey feels tough. So travellers stop at convenient places for rest during the trip. Slowly these stopping places grew with local people and traders. Finally, the resting areas became essential towns and cities like Jaisalmer, Bikaner, and Jodhpur.
In ancient days pilgrimage was an essential activity in every religion. The Hindu pilgrims go to Dwaraka in Gujarat. The Islam people go to Mecca and Madina in Arabia through the Thar Desert. Religious pilgrims also travelled with traders through the Thar Desert for their destinations. Thus, over centuries, people of many religions settled in That Desert-based towns and cities. Many Indian Marwari traders from Gujarat travelled to other parts of India and settled in several places. Fifty years ago, the government built large canals from the Punjab rivers to bring water to the Northern part of the Thar Desert. These water canals made the people cultivate crops and brought prosperity to their lives of the people. The dwelling of the channels caused worth among the Thar Desert people. The prosperous villages came upon the banks of the media. So many people from Punjab and Haryana went to the towns and settled in life.
Cultivation is complicated in the Thar desert. Here we can see the bushy and thorny trees. Here the people’s leading food is roti made of Bajra with green or black gram. They ate the vegetables that grew on some trees. In the olden days, people dried some fruits and vegetables to eat throughout the year. Due to the water facilities, today we can find various food items.
Cattle are the primary living source for the Desert people. The cattle give delicious milk, and the people trade it and use it to sell some varieties of sweets. The sweet Bikaner is a famous sweet in the region. Significantly, the Marwari traders learned the sweet in Bengal and prepared it their way, making it extra delicious.
Like this, the Thar desert has many peculiar qualities, has a rich traditional history. In the olden days, an area is a place for many varieties of crafts, a new style of dress, and new kinds of food. This rich tradition and culture are still showing their peculiarity in Indian society. Therefore, thousands of tourists worldwide come here to learn about the Thar Desert’s glory.