Mysore Palace History:
Mysore is famous for historic palaces also called as the City of Palaces. Among the palaces, Mysore Palace is very famous and had the rich history. The palace commissioned in 1897 and the construction completed in 1912. It has two durbar halls. Now the palace is one of the most attractive tourist palaces in India. Although the tourists do not always visit the palace and to take photographs inside the palace.
Mysore Palace Architecture:
The architectural style of the palace is the combination of Indo-Saracenic, Hindu, Muslim, Rajput and Gothic styles of architecture. The Mysore palace constructed in a three-storied farm with gray granite stones and also five-storey towers with 145 ft hight and built this with white marble. A beautiful garden spread around the palace. There is an impressive sculpture of Goddess of wealth and prosperity, Gajalakshmi situated above the central arch and abundance with her elephants. The Wadiyar dynasty constructed this palace, who ruled Mysore from the 14th century onwards fro nearly six centuries.
Wadiyar Dynasty and It’s Origin:
There was a story behind the origin of Wadayar dynasty. Two young men Vijaya and Krishna of the Yadu dynasty hailing from Dwaraka came to Mysore on their pilgrimage. They visited the Kodi Byraveswara Temple and took shelter under a tree, in those days Mysuru was a small city and the people fetched water for drinking from the Doddakere village lake. Then the both princes heard two women discussions about the distress situation of the young Princess Devajammanni. The death of her father caused advantage situation to the chief of Karugahalli, Maranayaka and began demanding the kingdom and the princess in marriage.
Princes Helps to Jangama Odeya:
After listening to the story the two young men wanted to help the princess so they take help of a Jangama Odeya, a Shaivite religious man and killed the Karugahalli Chief and his men and saved the Mysore royal family and their kingdom. Then the young princess felt very happy with the help of the two brothers and married the elder brother Vijaya and he became the first ruler of the Yadu dynasty. In the way, Wadiyar dynasty formed in the year 1399 AD. Since then 24 rulers have succeeded in the dynasty. The last ruler was Jayachamaraja Wadiyar, during his time India got independence and the later monarchy abolished.
Dasara Celebrations in Mysore Palace:
The Mysore palace was very famous for celebrating the Mysuru Dasara festival. The festival celebrates for ten days with great pomp and attracts the tourists all over the world. The tradition of Dasara celebrations started in 1610 AD by the Wadiyars. On the festival day, a stage set up in the palace grounds and the artists perform their skills like dancing, singing, and other mythological scripts and attract the spectators.
On Dasara Day:
On the tenth day of Vijaya Dashami, a parade starts from the palace with beautified elephants, artists, singers, dancers and other cultural performers; it seems very colorful, bright looking and shows the cultural of Hinduism. And the festivities have become an integral part of Mysore cultural activities. During the festival celebrations, Mysore Palace illuminated with more than 96,000 lights and decorates in a wide range. The festival celebrates in the month of October of each year. The festival symbolized the triumph of good over evil according to Hindu mythology called Mahishashura Mardini. Which means Goddess Durga slew the demon Mahishasura on the day of Dasara.
About the Durbar Hall in Mysore Palace:
Public Durbar Hall is huge in size when the tourists entering the Durbar Hall there we can see the life size statue of Krishnaraja Wadiyar IV. And near him is the cut-out photograph of his servant Jamedar Bait. The Hall decorated with French lamp stands and Egyptian figurines. The floor covered with cool marbles and the walls are decorated with hanging the painting images of Gods, portraits of royal family and scenes from the great epic the Ramayana. The Kings host the meetings with the ministers from here only.
Private Durbar or Ambavilasa Palace.
Private Darbar in Mysore Palace:
Mysore palace carved rosewood doorway inlaid with ivory that opens into a shrine to Ganesha. The rooms are most spectacular. This palace used by the king for the private audience. These rooms decorated with steel grills, chandeliers, motifs and mirrored in the pietra dura mosaic floor.
Gombe Thotti (Doll’s Pavilion):
This Pavilion is at the entry of the Mysore palace. Many collected traditional dolls decorated in this Pavilion.
Kalyana Mantapam in Mysore Palace:
In Kalyana Mantapam used to celebrate all royal weddings, birthdays and ceremonial functions. It is in the shape of Octagonal and the dome supported by pillars. Around the wedding hall 26, Dasara procession paintings hanged. Another four subject paintings are birthday procession of Krishnaraj Wadiyar IV, Durga Pooja, car festival of Goddess Chamundeshwari and the celebrations of Krishna Janmashtami.
Portrait Gallery in Mysore Palace:
At the southern part of the Kalyana mandapa, which also contain a portrait Gallery. The portrait and photographs of Royal family are exhibited in this gallery. The black and white wedding images of Jayacharamajra Wadiyar also exhibited in this gallery.
Temples inside Mysore Palace Fort:
Kodi Bharravasvami Temple – In the temple Lord Shiva is in the form of Bhairava.
Sri Lakshmiramana Swami Temple – This temple located towards the western part of the fort and the oldest temple in the city. The all religious ceremonies held in the temple and Raja Krishnaraj Wadiyar III coronation also held in this temple on June 30, 1799.
Sri Shweta Varahaswamy Temple – This temple constructed in the style of the great Hoysala Empire and located beside the south gate of the palace.
Sri Trinayaneshvara Swami Temple – Ancient temple located on the bank of Devaraya Sagara outside of the fort. During the time of Kanthirava Narasaraja Wadiyar and his successor Dodda Devaraja Wadiyar that the fort enlarged and the Trinayaneshvara temple came within the fort.
Kille Venkatramana Swamy Temple – During the time of Tipu, the Wadiyar family deeply worried about the dynasty and its future. One night Queen Lakshmammanni, wife of Krishnaraja Wadiyar got a dream, in the dream Lord Venkataramana appeared and directed her that his statue which is in Balamuri should be consecrated in Mysuru. By doing this pious act the kingdom restored again to the Wadiyar dynasty.
Sri Bhuvaneshwari Temple – Sri Jayachamarajendra Wadiyar constructed this temple in the year 1951. The temple located on northern side of the Palace Fort.
Sri Gayatri Temple – Jayachamarajendra Wadiyar constructed this temple in 1953. The temple located in the southeast corner of the fort. There are three shrines dedicated to Savithri, Gayathri, and Saraswathi.