Lodi Gardens – The Famous monument
Lodi Gardens also called Lodhi Gardens which are situated in the Indian capital New Delhi. The gardens spread 90 acres and have the Tomb of Sikandar Lodi, which constructed in the 15th century AD. Lodies were the rulers of Northern India, Punjab and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province. They ruled from 1451 to 1526 A.D. In the later years Babur conquered the Delhi and founded Mughal emperor in India in 1526 AD.
History of Lodi Gardens
The first tomb in the gardens built in 1444 AD in the honor of Mohammed Shah, the second ruler of Sayyid dynasty. The construction of the tomb commissioned to Ala-ud-din Alam Shah by the Lodies. The architecture of the tomb is very beautiful and constructed in Indo Islam construction style. Still, we can see the tomb from the roadside which is a symbol of Lodi history. The tomb built by the octagonal chamber and the chhajjas stone was used to construct the roof and guldastas on the corners.
Another famous tomb in the garden is Sikander Lodi tomb and constructed by his son Ibrahim Lodi in 1517. The tomb is a very similar design to Mohammed Shah Tomb. After Ibrahim Lodi defeated by Babur in 1526 AD, the Mughal emperors neglected to look after the tombs. So they started fading its glory. However, the Mughal Emperor Akbar wanted to make the Garden as the place to keep the important administrative filed. So he constructed a library and at the same time renovated the garden and tombs. Since then the Lodi gardens became the famous visiting place in Delhi. Again in 1866, the British did the renovation work of the tombs and made the garden beautification.
Tomb Construction after the years
After the construction of the garden, there were two villages grew around the monuments. Then the monuments seemed like a common construction in a village. But during the British Raj, then the Governor-General of India Marquess of Willingdon ordered to relocate the villages and wanted to made the place as a beautiful park. Then the General’s wife Lady Willingdon made all arrangements to made landscape the garden. Hence the garden called ‘Lady Willingdon Park’. After India got Independence the gardens named as the present Lodi gardens. Again in 1968, the famous landscapist J A Stein redesigned the gardens and constructed an attractive glasshouse in the middle of the park.
Later in 2005 the Archaeological Survey of India organized yoga awareness and walking benefits programs among the students and the general public. Since then the gardens became the place for morning walkers and yoga enthusiasts. It is also a picnic spot for the Delhi residences who want to spend joyfully on the holidays and occasions.
Lodi Gardens Architecture
In the middle of the gardens, we can see a ‘Big Dome’ and a domed masjid. These two constructed by Sikander Lodi in 1494 AD. At the same period constructed the Gumbad which means Glass dome which constructed by the glazed tiles. We can see here many magnificent constructions and present the Archeological Survey of India maintaining the gardens. Visiting these gardens make us joy and a lifelong memory.