Nur Jahan Brief History:
Nur Jahan was born on 31 May 1577 in a Persian Noble family in Kandahar Present in Afghanistan. Her father Mirza Ghias Beg and mother Asmat Begum. When Nur Jahan was born, their family fate turned as fortune. So they named her Mehr-un-Nissa, which means Sun among women. At first, he worked as a treasurer in Kabul. His name spread as an honest man, so Akbar appointed him in his court as a minister. Nur Jahan, a multi talented student. Mehr-un-Nissa learnt Arabic and Persian languages. The Girl interested in writing poetry and learnt music and dance. She fell in love with a Persian soldier Sher Afgan, and also General of Akbar court. She married him at the age of 17; however, the prince Jahangir, the eldest son of Akbar fell in love with her beauty. After Shah Jahan became the emperor of Mughal Empire, Sher Afgan met his death. This death made a deep grievance and took three years to come out from the lamentation to Nur Jahan. Jahangir, still in deep love with her. Their love story had a resemblance of Anarkali. But here the difference was Anarkali, a dancing girl and not married before her love. In the love story of Nur Jahan, she married the love of Jahangir.
Nur Jahan’s Two Marriages:
Sher Afgan Khan flees from Persia when his master demised by attacks. He joined in Mughal army as a soldier. His services appeased Akbar and made him the General of the Army. Akbar celebrated the marriage between Sher Afgan and Meh-runnisa Begam. The couple had a daughter born in 1605 named Ladhi Begum. Sher Afgan murdered in the year 1607 AD by the infuse of Jahangir plans. After the death of Sher Afgan, Jahangir sent summons to Nur Jahan to Agra to assist his step mother Ruqaiya Sultan Begum.
For the protection of Nur Jahan’s family, she went to Agra with her daughter. There she spent four years in doing service to Ruqaiya Sultan Begum. In 1611 AD, Nur Jahan came across to Jahangir in Meena Bazar during the New Year celebrations. Then passionate Jahangir proposed her and married on 25th May the same year. She was twelfth legal wife to Jahangir and blessed two children and possessed physical strength and went to hunting with her husband. She interested in hunting tigers once killed four tigers at a time with six bullets.
As a Powerful Queen:
After the wedding with Jahangir, Nur Jahan gained ascendancy over Jahangir. She was well educated, straight forward, strong minded woman. So it was easy to her erupting into the political affairs of the Emperor. She started dominating the decisions of the emperor Jahangir. Nur Jahan became the more influential woman in the court of Mughals. She was very active than her husband in the administrative decisions. Nearly fifteen years the administration of Mughal runs under her signs. The powerful queen attends the court and held court independently when Jahangir felt ill. Even the Emperor asks her opinions before issuing orders. Before ever document or order received legal validity, Nur Jahan looks into the orders keenly.
Clashes with Shah Jahan:
There were tensions occurred between Nur Jahan and Prince Shah Jahan. Prince Khurram didn’t accept her supreme position in the Mughal Empire. Once Mughal province seized by the Persian troops. Then she ordered Khurram to march to Kandahar. But Khurram refused her orders and Kandahar went into the hands of Persians. Nur Jahan and Shah Jahan both struggled with each other to gain supremacy.
After the death of Jahangir, there was a conflict happened with Shah Jahan. With the unexpected incidents, Shah Jahan over through the plans of Nur Jahan and became the Emperor of Mughal Empire. Nur Jahan spent the remaining days with her daughter Ladli in a comfortable mansion. She also built her tomb in Lahore named Shahdara Bagh. In her final days, she composed Persian poems under the title of Makhfi which means ‘Hidden One’. Finally, she died on 17 December 1645 and buried in Shahdara Bagh.