Dadabhai Early Days:
Dadabhai Naoroji was one of the makers of modern India. He was born on 4 September 1825 in Bombay. His father’s name was Palanji Dorji, a Parsi priest and mother Manakbai. He married Quilbai. In those days Hindus follow the custom of Child marriage. At the time of his marriage, he was only 11 and Quilbai was 7 years old.
Travellings to London:
He was a very brilliant in education. His outstanding performance at the Elphinstone College caused to obtain the Clare Scholarship. Hence he completed his graduation in 1845 and became the first Indian Professor at Elphinstone. He had the ambition to bring the reforms among the Indian society So that he taught the special classes to the women to spread Women’s education. Although in 1885 Cama family opened a new branch in London and made Dadabhai a partner. On 27 June 1855, he left for London to supervise the business. Later few years he set up a company in the named ‘Dadabhai Naoroji Company’. Later he worked as a professor of Gujarati at University college London.
Dadabai As an Industrialist and Politician:
Dadabai had a strong desire of bringing the Indian point of views before the British public. So in 1867 he founded the East India Association in London. In 1874 he appointed as a Dewan of Baroda and later few months resigned to the post due to ideological differences between him and Maharaja of Baroda. Consequently in 1875 he elected as a member of Bombay Municipal Corporation. In 1883 he started a newspaper called ‘Voice of India’, later he joined Bombay Legislative Council at the invitation of the Governor, Lord Reay. On 31 January 1885, he elected as the Vice-President of Bombay Presidency Association and took a leading part in the formation of Indian National Congress. He worked as its president three times. In 1902 he elected as a member of House of Commons representing Finsbury and the first Indian British MP.
Dadabai Quest for Reforms in the Society:
His travelling to foreign countries impressed a little on his personality. He impressed with the western system of education. Therefore he wants to bring such type of education in India and was a strong believer in Democracy. He started several important organisations, societies and Institutions. For instance the East India Association in London and the Royal Asiatic Society of Bombay and so on. He was very keenly interested in bringing the reforms in the society.
He was the good supporter of Industries and believes the machines would bring economic growth to the people in the society. He encouraged Tata to establish the Iron factories to rises the economic status of India. He advocated the Indians to bring the modern education methods into the Indian society to enlighten the students into the experimental field. He was known as ‘The Grand Old Man of India’. He was associated with many organisations and brought the Idea of public opinion and grievances of the Indians among the British. He proclaimed the Indians ideas and aspirations for Independence to the world, in subsequently made an idea the importance of Independence to the Indians. So he was known as ‘The Grand Old Man of India’. He died in 1917.
Dadabai Naoroji A True Indian:
In 1893, he addressed as the President of Indian National Congress session in Lahore that.
“Let us always remember that we are all children of our mother country. Indeed, I have never worked in any other spirit than that I am an Indian, and owe the duty to my country and all my countrymen. Whether I am a Hindu, a Mohammedan, a Parsi, aChristian, or any other creed, I am above all an Indian. Our country is India; our nationality is Indian.”
Above the words, we can understand the nature of Dadabhai Naoroji.