Konda Reddi Tribe History
Konda Reddi tribe is one of the ancient tribes in India. They are living on the hilly terrains of Bison hills which spread in East and West Godavari districts, Andhra Pradesh along the banks of the river Godavari. At present, the population is only in hundreds and livelihood is depended on the forest products like honey, gathering the medicinal plants, leaves, roots and so. They follow a very ancient pattern of life. They don’t interested in plough agriculture, minings, factories and Urbanization work. The concept of their tradition causes to evolute the greenery and spread the plants around the surroundings. They don’t destroy the forests and causing the eco-climate. Even the forests, they clear for agriculture are taken care of so that they regenerate after a few years. Their knowledge is processing fruits and maintenance the forest environment is admirable from all the societies at present.
Social and Economic life of Konda Reddi Tribe
At present due to the urbanization and the pollution the forest area has been declining. The administration itself failing to control this. So the decreasing size of the forests caused the threat to the lifestyle of Konda Reddi tribe people. If the Government take necessary steps to increase the richness of forests, they can continue to live like this forever. The forests are getting depleted constantly due to the falling of the tree and over-exploitation of the forest by the paper mills which need a daily supply of large quantities of Bamboo.
They cultivate the crops in a distinct way called ‘Podu’. It is an ancient practice in hilly regions. At first, they cultivate the ‘Podu’ land for 3 or 4 years. Later, they left the land for cultivation and choose some land in another place and cultivate there. They prepare the calendar and marked the seasons for collecting various edible fruits, nuts, green leaves and small animals for hunting. When the season arrived the Konda Reddi tribe women and children collect the edible forest products for subsistence. Especially, they collect honey and bamboo shoots. In the summer season, they collect the juice of ‘Caryota Palm’ for drinking.
They sell the ‘Podu’ cultivated products, honey and other gathered nuts, roots and other materials. They purchase cloth and provisions and required things. Forest is the place of a large number of bamboo plants. So Konda Reddi Tribe people collect the bamboo and make baskets, chicken coops and sell in the market. The Tribal people worship Gods of nature and every family has their family God or Goddess. The household put up a long pole in front of the house and tie some neem branches to it and worship as Muthyalamma. They celebrate the festivals during the changes of the seasons. Especially, ‘Mamidi Panduga’ is one of the most important festivals. The other important festivals are ‘Gongura Panduga’ which fell in September, ‘Pachha Panduga’. During these festival celebrations, all gather together and share their happy movements with each other.
Konda Reddi Tribe Family Life
Generally, they live on the hilltops. They built houses with bamboos and thatch. The house has large space and utilized it for keeping the animals and kitchen garden. The tribal people are connected with strong bondage. They were together in the fields, gathering forest products and even in hunting. Mostly the men work to cattle rearing and agriculture whereas women and children gather food from the forest and weaving baskets.