Karthika Pournami or Kartik Purnima:
Karthika Pournami is one of the most auspicious days to the Hindus. In the sacred month, the devotees worship Lord Shiva and Lord Vishnu. Almost the entire month, the temples of Lord Vishnu and Lord Shiva crowded with the devotees to worship Gods. On Karthika Purnima only Lord Vishnu incarnated as Matsya or Matsyavatram. Hence Karthika Pournami has many names those are Deva Deepawali or Deva Diwali, Tripuri Purnima or Tripurari Purnima.
Deepawali or Deva Deepavali:
This festival celebrates mostly in Varanasi and other northern parts of India. According to the puranic scriptures, Lord Shiva Killed the Demon Tripurasura on Karthika Purnima. So in Varanasi all the Ghats are lighted with diyas. ThereThe occasion seems very beautiful lightening and devotional amusement to the devotees.
Rituals on Karthika Purnima, River Bath:
On the day of Karthika Purnima, the devotees have a river bath and pray to Lord Shiva and observe a fast for the whole day. The Devotees would prefer to have a bath in the holy rivers like Krishna, Godavari, Ganges and other rivers. Commonly according to Hindu Puranas who made the river bath those got virtue and who have the bath in the river on Karthika Purnima those got the virtue in multi-folded. One who have the bath in the river Ganga beside the Kasi Temple they get the virtue of the bath would bring Salvation.
Lighting of Lamps in Temple or Near Tulasi:
Every day in this Kartheeka Masam the Devotees would visit Lord Shiva’s temples and lit the lamps. Generally, the devotees lit a pack of 365 wicks, each wick is for each day of the year. Some are lit a wick and floats by keeping on the stems of Banana tree and left in a lake and some perform Deepa Danam. Some devotees lit the light near Tulasi Plant.
SatyaNarayana Vrat an Important Ritual:
Karthika Purnima is also one of the favorite days of Lord Vishnu. So the devotees perform Satya Narayana Vrat in their houses on Karthika Purnima.
Rudra Abhishekam in Shiva Temples:
In every Lord Shiva temple, the devotees perform the Ekadasi Rudra Abhishekam on the day of Kartika Purnima. During this Abhishekam the priests chant Rudra Chamakam and Rudra Namakam eleven times. While chanting the mantras the priests are bathing Lord Shiva. By doing this Abhishekam one would get free of all sins and would get salvation.
Karthika Pournami other Festivals:
Sikhs: Founder of Sikh religion Sri Guru Nanak was also born on Karthika Pournami, so the Sikhs also perform his birthday with great devotion.
Ganga Mahotsav at Varanasi Ghats on Karthika Purnima:
This is a five day long festival in Karthika Pournami days and performed in Varanasi. The Mahotsav starts on Prabodini Ekadasi and ends on Karthika Purnima. It shows the rich culture and strong heritage of India. Boat races and other competitions conducted during these five days. On Karthika Purnima day at every ghat of Ganga river Arati is given to the holy river Ganga.
Pushkar Fair of Rajasthan:
There is a temple in Pushkar, Rajasthan state. This celebration also starts on Prabodhini Ekadasi and ends on Karthika Purnima. This fair is celebrated in Pushkar of Rajasthan to honor God Brahma. The devotees visit this temple and take the bath in the Pushkar Lake. The devotees believe that the sacred bath would get the virtue to get salvation.