The richness of Assam culture and heritage reflects through the Assam festivals, which celebrates with great pomp and devotion. Assam is very beautiful with green landscapes and hilly areas. The people engage with enjoy, vibrant and colourful on the festival days. Assam has different tribal people living in various regions. So every tribe follow their customs and cultures in a unique way during the festival celebrations. Here are few magnificent festivals narrated below…
Bihu is the famous festival in Assam. The festival occurs during the agriculture season. Culturally, the festival celebrates vibrantly and the Assame people come together without thinking their cast, creed, religion and social differences. The devotees worship their supreme God Brai Shibrai and offer their first crop as a gratitude to the God. They pray the God for peace and prosperity in the coming years. The celebrations continue entirely the month of April. The devotees wear the traditional Assam dresses and prepare bonfire feasts. They perform the dance and singing to entertain the gatherings. The Assam Tourism Department Organise the Buffalo fights, Rangoli Utsava and exhibit the traditional jewellery.
This festival falls during monsoon season and celebrations held in the Kamakhya Devi temple. The festival celebrated for four days and specific people practised that Goddess Kamakhya goes through the menstrual cycle for the first three days of the festival. During these three days, the devotees didn’t take bath and prepare a meal, spend by reading holy books of Hinduism. After three days Goddess Kamakhya cleaned with milk, honey and water. Later the priests perform different rituals as a part of the celebrations. On the fourth day, the doors of the temple open and devotees worship the Goddess for purity and prosperity in the life. Many Tantric worship the Goddess and show their tricks to the visitors.
Majuli is an island situated in the lower middle of the Brahmaputra. This is a beautiful festival and arrangements are held at the banks of the Brahmaputra river. Many ethnic and Cultural groups attend to this fair and display their customs and faiths. The day and night cultures activities conducted with great enthusiasm. Many traditional artists and groups visit this place and perform the skills. The artisans exhibit variety and skilled crafts in the fair. Wooden articles and potters are the main attracting crafts in the fair.
Dehing Patkai Festival
This festival celebrated in the month of January in Tinsukia district. The festival adds an extra look to already beautiful Assam. The government of Assam organised the festival and hosts variety of cultural activities and adventures sports. This festival indicates to the people the urgency of saving elephants.
Ali Ai Ligang Festival
The festival is the symbol of brotherhood and harmony and falls on the first Wednesday of ‘Ginmur Polo’ or February and March for five days. Most of the festivals in Assam are celebrated by the tribal people. The festival celebrated in monsoon-related cultivation. The festival is celebrated widely by the Mishing tribe. Here Ali means root and seed ‘Al’ means fruits and Ligang mean sow. So the festival signifies the farmers sowing the seeds in the fields. The Assasseme boys and girls wear the colourful dresses and perform their traditional dance by fluttering of hands and rapid steppings in the fields. A grand feast also arranged with traditional dishes.
Dehing Patkai Festival
The festival is celebrated in the month of January at the banks of Dehing river around the patkai Range. So that the name Dehing Patkai is derived from Patkai range and Dehing river. The government of Assam celebrates this festival at a location of Lekhapani in Dehing. During the festival celebrations, Elephant safari is the main attraction. The cultural functions, food festivals and crafts display are the main other attractive events in the festival. Adventure sports also conducted among the visitors.
Assam is famous for tea seeding crops. The Assam people celebrate this festival to glorify about the tasteful tea production. The city Jorhat is famous for its tea production. So the celebrations held in the city during the month of November. The organisers’ serve varieties of Tea to the visitors, like white tea, black tea, green tea and much more. The farmers exhibit the cultivate tea plants to show pride of Assam for good tea crops. This festival celebrates for three days during these celebrations the visitors can taste the taste of the leaves.