Diwali Festival in India
Diwali Festival is one of the famous festivals to the Hindus and has another name Deepavali. The devotees celebrate the festival in grand scale and the children enjoy a lot on the festival day. Diwali lights arranged in a row to make away the dooms from the life with the light and believe that victory of good over evil. The lights also indicate the ignorance of the people annihilate and causes increasing the knowledge. The festival also celebrates on the eve of Rama’s return to Ayodhya after 14 years in exile and on the birth of Lakshmi.
Deepavali festival is not only celebrated in India but also in Nepal, Sri Lanka, Singapore, and Fiji for two days, the first day called Dhanteras and the second day is Chaturdasi.
How to Celebrate Diwali
On the festival day, the devotees wake up early in the morning and scrubbed the Homes and decorated for the festival. Women of the family decorated their hands with henna patterns, dressed in traditional costumes and prepare the sweets. Outside of the homes decorated in the shapes of lotus flowers with rice flour and colours. In the evening the women dressed in new clothes and keep the lights in a row in front of their houses. Inside of the house, the family members perform the Goddess Lakshmi Puja. These are all indicated Lakshmi the Goddess of wealth can carry safely into their homes. After the Goddess Lakshmi Puja, the family members distribute the special traditional sweets with each other and exchange the Diwali gifts with friends and family members. It is also surprising that at Pakistan and India border the soldiers also exchange and distribute the sweets and gifts.
Legends behind the Diwali celebrations
Diwali also celebrates by Hindus, Jains, and Sikhs and known as the festival of lights. There are many stories behind Deepavali celebrations, among them the story of Prince Rama and Sita is one. King Dashratha, the ruler of Ayodhya and father of Rama wanted to make Rama as the king and retire from his post. But Queen Kaikeyi the stepmother of Rama had wanted her son Bharata to be the next king to the throne of Ayodhya.
Rama Went to Forests:
So she forced Dasaratha to send Rama into exile for 14 years from Ayodhya and live in the forests. Then Rama left Ayodhya with his wife Sita and brother Lakshmana and went to the forest to spend 14 years. One day the demon king Ravana kidnapped Sita and drag her to his kingdom and kept in Ashoka garden. Rama knew the place of Sita with the help of Monkey army, especially Anjaneya. He invaded Lanka with monkey army and killed demon Ravana. After 14 years Rama, Sita and Lakshmana returned to Ayodhya. The people of Ayodhya rejoiced about the arrival of Rama, Sita and Lakshmana and lit the Oil lamps to welcome them and guided on their way home. The welcome ceremony turned as Diwali Festival in the following days.
Deepavali Celebrations in India
The people celebrate the festival celebrations according to the customs of various regions in India. But most people prepared the same dishes on the occasion of this festival. Before one week of the festival, the women of the family prepare Diwali dishes like traditional sweets ‘mithai’ and other snakes. In the evening of the festival day, all families prepare ‘Payasam’ the other delicious dish.
Influence of Diwali Festival on Business
Some have believed that on this auspicious day any investment kept on business or started any new work will bring luck to them. So the companies conduct a one-hour trading session with low prices to do big business. Especially in Mumbai, the Stockbrokers decorate their offices with Diwali decorations in anticipation of the session. Many people consider these Diwali investments to be lucky and the Newspapers also publish stock tips to coincide with the festival. The children fire the Diwali crackers in the evening with great joy.