Kolattam the Folk Dance:
This is a stick dance and very popular dance in Andhra Pradesh. The dance form was originated in the Seventh century. This dance form has various names, in various regions of India. In Andhra Pradesh, this dance called as KolKollannalu, Kolattam and Kolannalu.
In early days the dance was performed by women only, gradually the changes occurred in this dance and now the dance was performed by both male and female. Generally, this art form is performed during village festivals. The dance is the combination of rhythmic movements, songs, and music.
The dance is performed by 8 to 40 artists as a group and each two artists grouped as a pair. Each one holds the two sticks and moves the sticks according to their leader movements. The leader means a person handles the whole performance of the group. Actually, there are two circles formed before dance performance, one group is around inner circle and another one is around the outer circle. The circles move in opposite direction by following the rhythmic dance and hit the sticks from two circle artists with rhythmic sounds.
This dance also one more form of Kolatam dance. This dance also very famous in the ruler areas. In this dance, 14 to 18 artists participate to perform. During the performance, the artists weave their ponytails, whereas other dancers play with the stick and perform various dancing movements by using sticks. Before the song get finished the artists use the wide ribbons or ropes to interlace the plait.
Themes of Kolattam Dance:
A large number of Kolatam dancers prefer to perform the Ganga Gouri Samvadam. The theme is based on the fight between Lord Shiva’s two wives Goddess Ganga and Goddess Parvathi.
Style of the Kolattam Dance:
Kolatam dance consists of different dancing movements. Body tilting, footsteps and other body movements are essential to the dancer during the dance performance. When the song started as soon as the artists start to dance by following the vocal and music sounds. Every song of the Kolatam include starting called as Ethugadu, then the speed of the dance change called as Usi and the ending called Muktayimpu.
Mostly the kolatam dance starts by the chant of Lord Ganesha. In this dance, the artists wear very simple clothes. The men wear the anklet bells, dhoti, kerchief over the neck and white color shirt. Women wear common saris mostly in yellow in color with red boarders. During the dance performance, the musicians use the musical instruments. They are Mridangam, Harmonium and few times Clarinet.
The traditional folk art dance is perfectly amazing and a perfect entertainment art of the rular people.