Mughal Paintings, Hindu and Persian Styles

Mughal Paintings and Its Evolution:

Mughal Paintings in India are still very famous and they flourished during the Mughal Rule date back to the period in between the sixteenth and the eighteenth century. The Mughal rulers played the patron role to bring the style of painting into the limelight.

mughal paintingsAfter the establishment of Mughal Dynasty in Delhi in the 16th century, the Mughal emperors ruled over a large part of India. Especially the Mughal Paintings flourished during the rule of Emperor Akbar, Jahangir and the paintings tribute reached its peak during the reign of Shah Jahan. The lifestyles of Akbar, Jahangir, and Shah Jahan were abruptly picturised with the style of Mughal Paintings. These paintings form a blend of the Indian and Persian style. The artists also adopted several themes from the lifestyles and activities of Mughal Emperors so that the name Mughal paintings came into existence. Generally, the paintings picturised on the events in the lives of Mughal emperors, portraits, scenes of the life of the courts, the emperors hunting scenes and instances of battles.

History of Mughal Paintings:

mughal paintings

Historically the paintings of India developed during the period of Humayun. When he regained his throne in India from his exile to Delhi, The king brought the great Persian artists Abd-us-samad and Mir-Sayyid Ali from Persia. The two great Persian artists influenced by the local style of art and two artists mixed the two styles of India and Persia. This combined styles of Persian and Indian art forms came into existence profoundly due to the support of Mughal emperors. So that this style of art has been calling as the Mughal paintings. In the paintings, the Tutinam painting and the ‘tales of a Parrot’ are very famous. We can see these painting styles at the Cleveland Museum of Art. Another ‘Princess of the House of TImmur’ also very famous Painting and may artists copied this theme number of times.


The decline:

All the Mughal Emperors encouraged the artists for the development of the paintings. However, Aurangzeb didn’t interested for the development and growth of Mughal paintings. Since then the decline of Mughal paintings started slowly in the next generations of Mughal Empire. During the rule of Mughal Emperor Shah Alam II, the Mughal paintings completely unpopular. The patrons of the art started disappearing so the artists not interested in these paintings. During the eighteenth century, the Mughal Painting styles put aside and new painting style of Rajput started to evolve.