Jawaharlal Nehru Essay
Jawaharlal Nehru was born on November 14, 1889 in Allahabad, India. His father, Motilal Nehru, a renowned lawyer and his Mother, Swaruparani. They belonged to Kashmiri Pandits and maintained a close relationship with Mahatma Gandhi. The First Prime Minister of India was a genius student; he completed Barrister at the famous Inner Temple College in London. His father frequently participated in the freedom struggle; even his house was continuously occupied by prominent freedom fighters. This made a very impact on little Nehru. When he was young experienced the freedom fight to get rid of India from British rule. In 1919, he joined the Indian National Congress. However, he played a vital role Indian Independence movement and followed in the footsteps of Mahatma Gandhi.
After India gained Independence, he served as India’s first Prime Minister from 1947 until his death in May 1964. He was identified as an Internationalist as Prime Minister of India.
Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru Marriage:
Motilal Nehru, the famous lawyer in Allahabad. Whenever Gandhiji returned to India from South Africa, he called many prominent personalities to participate in the freedom struggle. Then the rich Motilal Nehru left the profession, becoming a notable Congress Party leader. As a silver spoon born, Nehru was educated first at home until 16 years old. Later he went to England for higher education. He first Joined at the Harrow School, later at Trinity College, Cambridge, where he earned an honours degree in natural science. He completed law at the Inner Temple in London and practised law for several years after he came to India in 1912. In 1916 he married Kamala Nehru and had an only child Indira Priyadarshini. Indira was also seated as India’s third Prime Minister after Lal Bahadur Shastri—his sister Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit also served as the woman president of the UN General Assembly.
In 1919, the Jallianwala Bagh massacre changed the entire political attitude in India. In this incident, 379 people died, and hundreds were wounded. His heart squeezed due to this incident, decided to fight against the British to free India. Every corner of India was entire with national activities against the British Government during this period. Then Jawaharlal Nehru joined the Indian National Congress. The speeches of Mahatma Gandhi influenced him to sacrifice everything for the sake of making India Independence.
In 1921, the British Government banned the Congress Party’s central leaders and workers from their activities against them. Due to this ban, the first time Jawaharlal went to prison. He went to prison nine times his entire career and spent nearly nine years in Jail.
In 1928 he was named the president of the Indian National Congress under the guidance of Mahatma Gandhi. As the president of the National Congress on November 1930, he demanded the complete British Independence of India. Due to his pressure, the British and Indian officials started working towards a plan of possibilities of giving India Independence. In 1931 Nehru’s father, Motilal Nehru, died, later wholly embedded in the working of the Congress Party.
India Got Independence
In September 1939,ld War II broke out, and then the British Viceroy Lord Linlithgow committed India to the war effort without consulting the now-autonomous provincial ministries. This decision made the Congress Party leaders angry and later caused Gandhi to stage a limited civil disobedience movement in which he jailed Nehru again. In the later days, Japan came near the borders of India. Hence, the leaders in India supported the British participation in the war on the demand for Indian Independence.
In 1947, India was divided into Pakistan, and India gained Independence on August 15, 1947. British withdrew from all activities in India. Then the Congress part chooses Jawaharlal Nehru as the Prime Minister of Independent India.
After Independence, India faced many problems like communal fights, poverty, the princely states’ issue, the war with Pakistan, Kashmir Issue and much more. Jawaharlal Nehru overcame all the problems with the support of then Home Minister Sardar Vallabh Patel, solved many issues, and led India into a modern country. He led India into the modern age of scientific innovation and technological progress. The Prime Minister also prompted social concern for the marginalized and the poor and respect for democratic values. He also brings reforms to the old Hindu civil code and brings equalling value to the women.
Pandit Nehru established many Indian institutions of higher learning, including the All India Institute of Medical Sciences, the Indian Institutes of Technology, and the National Institutes of Technology. He even guaranteed all of India’s children free and compulsory primary education in his five-year plans.
Chacha Nehru Death
During his administration, he maintained a close relationship with Russia. Even though the country faced political issues with Pakistan and China, he failed to solve the Kashmir issue, which is still a burning issue in Indian politics.
He died on May 27, 1964. He thrived as the peacemaker. After his death, Lal Bahadur Sastri became the Prime Minister of India. After him, Indira Gandhi was the third Prime Minister of India. Even she also successfully left her mark on Indian Politics. His birthday celebrates as Children’s day all over India.