Jawaharlal Nehru Essay
Jawaharlal Nehru was born on November 14, 1889 in Allahabad, India. His father Motilal Nehru, the renowned lawyer and Mother Swaruparani. They were belonged to Kashmiri Pandits, maintained a close relationship with Mahatma Gandhi. The First Prime Minister of India was a very genius student, he completed Barrister from famous Inner Temple College in London. His father frequently participated in the freedom struggle, even his house always occupied with prominent freedom fighters. This made very impact on little Nehru. When he was young participated in the freedom fight to get rid of India from the British rule. In 1919, he joined the Indian National Congress. Though he played key role Indian Independence movement and follow in the footsteps of Mahatma Gandhi.
After India got independence he served as India first Prime Minister from 1947 until the death in May 1964. During his tenure as Prime Minister of India, He got the identification of an Internationalist.
Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru Marriage:
Motilal Nehru, the famous lawyer in Allahabad. Whenever Gandhiji returned to India from South Africa. He called many prominent personalities to participate in the freedom struggle. Then the rich Motilal Nehru left the profession, became a notable leader in Congress Party. As a silver spoon born Nehru, educated first at home until 16 years old. Later he went to England for higher education. There he first Joined at the Harrow School, later at Trinity College, Cambridge, where he earned an honors degree in natural science. He completed law at the Inner Temple in London and practiced law for several years after he came to India in 1912. In 1916 he married Kamala Nehru and had only child Indira Priyadarshini. Indira also seated as the third Prime Minister of India after Lal Bahadur Shastri. His sister Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit who also served as woman president of the UN General Assembly.
In 1919, the Jallianwala Bagh massacre changed the entire political attitude in India. In this incident, 379 people died and hundreds of people wounded. His heart squeezed due to this incident, decided to fight against the British to free India. During this period every corner of India was fully filled with national activities against the British Government. Then Jawaharlal Nehru joined the Indian National Congress. The speeches of Mahatma Gandhi influenced him to sacrifice everything for the sake of making India Independence.
In 1921, the British Government banned the Congress Party central leaders and workers from their activities against them. Due to this ban, first time Jawaharlal went to prison. Entire his career, he went to prison 9 times, spent nearly nine years in Jail.
In 1928 he named the president of the Indian National Congress under the guidance of Mahatma Gandhi. As the president of National Congress on 1930 November, he demanded British for complete independence of India. Due to his pressure, the British and Indian officials started working towards a plan of possibilities of giving India Independence. In 1931 Nehru’s father Motilal Nehru died, later completely embedded in the working of the Congress Party.
India Got Independence
In September 1939 the World War II broke out, then the British Viceroy Lord Linlithgow committed India to the war effort without consulting the now-autonomous provincial ministries. This decision made angry the Congress Party leaders, later caused, Gandhi staged a limited civil disobedience movement in which he jailed with Nehru again. In the later days, Japan came near to the borders of India, so the leaders in India supported the British to participate in the war on the demand of India Independence.
In 1947, India divided as Pakistan and India got Independence on August 15, 1947. British withdrew from all activities from India. Then the Congress part chooses Jawaharlal Nehru as the Prime Minister of Independent India.
After India got Independence, it faced many problems like communal fights, poverty, princely states issue war with Pakistan, Kashmir Issue and much more. Jawaharlal Nehru overcomes all the problems with the support of then Home Minister Sardar Vallabh Patel solved many problems and led India into a modern country. He led India into the modern age of scientific innovation and technological progress. The Prime Minister also prompted social concern for the marginalized the poor and respect for democratic values. He also brings reforms into the antiquated Hindu civil code and brings equalling value to the women.
Pandit Nehru established many Indian institutions of higher learning, the All India Institute of Medical Sciences, the Indian Institutes of Technology, the National Institutes of Technology. Even guaranteed in his five-year plans free and compulsory primary education to all of India’s children.
Chacha Nehru Death
During his administration, he maintained a close relation to Russia. Even though, the country faced political issued problems with Pakistan and China. But he failed to solve the Kashmir issue which is still a burning issue in the Indian politics.
He died on May 27, 1964. He thrived as the peace maker. After his death, Lal Bahadur Sastri became the Prime Minister of India. After him, Indira Gandhi occupied the seat as third Prime Minister of India. Even she was also successfully left her mark on Indian Politics. His birthday celebrates as the Children’s day all over India.