Madhvacharya Life History:
Madhvacarya was born in 1238 AD to a Brahmin Family in Karnataka State. His father name was Naddantillaya and Mother Vedavati and the family follow the Vaishnavite Brahmin traditions. At first, he was named as Vasudeva later famous as Purnaprajana and finally Madhvacarya. At the very early age of seven, his parents celebrated the Upanayana and became a monk in his teenage. He was very interested in reading the Hindu epics and wanted to know the concepts of Hindu Upanishads. So he went to Dwaraka in Gujarat and accepted Chyutrapreksha as his Guru. Under the guidance of Chyutrapreksha, he studied the Advaita literature and Upanishads.
However, he didn’t convince the dual principals and philosophy of ‘God and human soul’ are same. He argued frequently with his Guru on the concept of nondualism. Then he thought himself to found a new path which was ideal for the society. So he left the monastery and started the Dvaita movements on the main concept of God and Human Soul was different. Later, the movement became a strong and admirable philosophy in the Bhakti Movement.
Madhvacharya Founded Dvaita Philosophy
He founded a Dvaita School of Vedanta and called the philosophy as ‘Tattvavada’. Madhvacharya studied the Hindu Philosophy thoroughly and wrote his ideas with different aspects. He also deeply studied the Bhagavad Gita, Upanishads and Brahman Sutras. His analysis on these holy books written in the Sanskrit Language as 37 books. These books are famous as Anuvyakhyana, which was composed in poetic version. His devotees believe him, he was the incarnation of Veda Vyasa.
Influence on Bhakti Movement
His ideas were different to Adi Shankara’s Advaita Vedanta. Ramanuja’s philosophy also different to the concepts of Madvacarya. The monk Madvacarya travelled through India several times to evolute the philosophy Dvaita Vedanta. During his journey, he visited Hindu holy places and Hindu learning centres to debate with the philosophers. In 1285 AD he established the Krishna Mutt at Udupi with the murti of Lord Krishna. He influenced Bhakti Movement with the concept of Vishishtadvaita. His Dvaita Vedanta, one of the strongly influenced philosophy as the other two philosophies of Adi Shankara Charya and Ramanuja’s philosophy. His disciples Jayatirtha, Vadiraja Tirtha, Raghavendra Tirtha and Vyasatirth have spread the philosophy of Dvaita Vedanta.
Madhvacharya Established Udupi Ashta mathas
He established mathas in varies places in Udupi and famous as Udupi ashta mathas. Another 24 mathas also established throughout India. These mathas surrounded by Hindu Temple Anantheswara Krishna. The temples constructed on a square grid pattern. The monks in the temple learn the Paryaya system introduced by Madhvacharya. The monks follow the sannyasa system and give the preaches the principles of Dvaita philosophy. The main pontiff of the ashrams leads Krishna prayers daily according to the tradition of Madhva philosophy. All the monasteries follow the traditions and rituals, which were written by Madhvacharya in Tantrasara.
In the monasteries, the monks serve the food to all the visitors, pilgrims and starving people without any discriminations.
All his literary works guided to the followers of Dvaita philosophy and died in 1317 AD in Udipi. Still, his thoughts and philosophical principles influencing the path of Vaishnava Bhakti.