Guru Gobind Singh History and Contribution to Sikhism

Guru Gobind Singh History

Guru Gobind Singh was one of the Sikh Guru, born on 22 December 1666 AD in Patna, India. His father was the ninth Sikh Guru Tegh Bahadur and mother Gujri. In his childhood days all called him as Gobind Rai and only son to the couple. His father Tegh Bahadur roams everywhere to preach the concept of Guru Granth. In 1670 AD, he went to Anandpur lonely and inform to his family to join him in Anandpur. So Gobind Rai and family started to Anandpur in 1671 AD and learn primary education during his journey. Finally, in 1672 AD they joined Tegh Bahadur in Anandpur and continued education in the village. guru gobind singhExecution of Tegh Bahadur:

Due to the lunatic activities of Aurangzeb, the Hindus had been converting into Islam on the sword edge. Then Guru Tegh Bahadur went to the capital city Delhi to talk with the officials of Mughals about the conversions. The evil-minded Mughal officers arrested and imprisoned Tegh Bahadur and torture to convert him to Islam. But Tegh Bahadur refused their orders and bare the tortures of the Mughal soldiers. This news made Aurangzeb furious and with the templer ordered the officials to execute Tegh Bahadur publically. Like this the Ninth Sikh Guru Tegh Bahadur passed away when Guru Gobind Singh was only nine years old.

How Gobind Rai became Guru Gobind Singh ?

Later the execution of Guru Tegh Bahadur, Gobind Rai was formally made the Guru on the annual harvesting festival in 1676 AD. During this period the relations with the Mughals became very worse. Guru Gobind Singh chose the dedicated warriors who would happily sacrifice their lives for the protection of Humanity and created an army with them. On Baisakhi day in 1699 AD, he invited all the followers of the Sikhism to congregate at Anandpur. At the congregation, he made sweetened water with Punjabi sweetened and called the mixture ‘Amrit’.

Then he asked the followers of Sikhism who were willing to sacrifice their lives for the sake of Guru, those come and drink the mixture. At first, five men came collectively towards the Khalsa and drank the sweetened water from the Khalsa. As soon as they drunk the water, their bodies baptized Sikhs and the word Sikh added last of their real names. Guru Gobind also baptized Sikh and named himself ‘Gobind Singh’. Later several men and women baptized Sikhism.

Guru Gobind Singh Ji Vs Aurangzeb

guru gobind singh

Guru Gobind Singh and Sikh warriors fought against the Mughal forces in many major battles. They were the battle of Basoli, Battle of Nadaun, the battle of Anandpur and many more battles and terrified the Aurangzeb forces and let the Mughal Emperor sleepless nights. During these battles, many brave Sikh warriors and his own two sons lost their lives. His younger son also captured by Mughal army men and kept him alive inside a wall and killed due to not accepted Islam. In spite of these tragic incidents, the Guru continued the fighting against the Mughals. Hence, these battles continued until the death of Aurangzeb in 1707 AD.

Guru Gobind Singh Death

Aurangzeb’s son Bahadur Shah came to the throne and respected the Sikh Guru Gobind Singh and increased friendly relation with the Sikhs. But the cordial relation between them was not liked by Wazir Khan, who had fought with the Singh forces. So he secretly commissioned two Afghans to kill Gobind Singh at any risk. Due this commission Wasil Beg and Jamshed Khan, both secretly followed Guru Gobind Singh in Deccan area of India and entered the camp at the bank of the river Godavari at Nanded. Jamshed Khan came before Guru Gobind suddenly and stabbed at the heart. At this sudden incident Guru Gobind Singh became conscious and killed Wazir Khan. The bodyguards killed another Wasil Beg. With the stabbed wounds Guru Gobind Singh passed away on 7th October 1708 AD.