Dr. B R Ambedkar the Brief History:
Ambedkar, the architecture of Indian Constitute and at all the political leaders and the present generations give him very respect for his generosity administration as a law minister and especially a brilliant Indian personality. He was born on 14 April 1891 into a poor Mahar and untouchable family. He was very against to the Hindu caste system and entire his life he fought against the social discriminations. For his services in 1990 Indian government honored him by giving the highest civilian award Bharat Ratna.
Ambedkar as Babasaheb:
Ambedkar was known as Babasaheb and famous as a philosopher, orator, economist, scholar and revolutionary figure. First, he studied in local schools and later became one of the first ‘out castes’ to obtain a college education in India. He studied law in London and also earned economics and political science master degrees from Columbia University and the London School of Economics. After his education in foreign countries, he came back to India as a famous scholar and practiced law. Beside of his law practice, he published many articles on political rights and social discriminations, how the untouchables facing in Indian society.
Dr. B R Ambedkar Early Life:
Dr.Bhimrao Ambedkar born in Mhow the British cantonment and now it is in Madhya Pradesh. He was the last child to his parents and the fourteen one in the family. He called as Ramji Maloji Sakpal and Bhimabai Ambedkar. His forefathers migrated from Ambavade town and had Marathi background. They belonged to Mahar Caste, which was treated as untouchable. His father and grandfather were served in British Army. Who are serving in Army, those children had the facility to study in special schools. So Ramji Maloji interested to work in British army due to this cause. So Ambedkar gained a good education. Ambedkar experienced caste discrimination during his childhood days. Later years also he faced much social discrimination, so he fought against the discriminations in the Hindu society.
Dr. B R Ambedkar Career as an Educationalist:
In 1907 he joined in Bombay University after matriculation. With his brilliant progress in education, the Gaekwad ruler of Baroda supported him to continue his further education. He studied at Universities in Britain and Germany. In 1916 he attained Master Degree and Doctorate in Philosophy from Columbia University. Later he finished his law studies and admitted to the British Bara as a Barrister. Later he returned to India in July 1924.
His works for Untouchables:
He understood the position of the Untouchable people in then society and wants to uplift them socially and politically. For this purpose, he started ‘Bahishkrit Hitkaraini Sabha’, which is a Welfare Association.
With the strong inequalities among the people made Ambedkar to started active movements against social intolerances. With other people, he marches to open up and share public drinking water and worked against rights to enter into Hindu temples by the untouched people. He became very famous when he did Satyagraha in mahad in favor of Untouchable people to draw water from the main water tank of the town.
Architect of India’s Constitution:
Baba Saheb was very brilliant and had a lot of knowledge about the Indian society. He knew what needed to the Indian people. So he played a vital role in framing the Indian Constitution. Many eminent personalities chosen as a committee to draft Indian Constitution. Ambedkar was chosen as the Chairperson of the drafting committee. He did the greatest contribution in framing the Fundamental Rights and Directive Principles of State Policy. Especially he discussed the need of Indian people treat as equal and abolition of untouchability among the people. So he stressed the need of Fundamental Rights to every citizen of India.
Buddhism, He believes in Gauthama Buddha:
As an anthropology, Dr. B.R.Ambedkar discovered that the Mahar people belong to ancient Buddhist people of India. During the ancient period, the people have forced to outside a village due to their refuse to leave Buddhist practices. So they treated as untouchables. So Dr. Babasaheb and his followers embraced Buddhism. However, Ambedkar studied the entire life of Buddhism. In 1950 he went to Sri Lanka to attend a convention of Buddhist scholar and monks. On October 14, 1956 , he converted to Buddhism with his supporters nearly 500,000 and taking the 22 Vows.
Final Days and Death:
Since 1948 his health felt in trouble. He had been suffered in later years. 1954 he had failed eyesight and joined in Hospital. Still, he continuing his participation in political issues, which made worse his health. During his unhealthy period, he continued seriously writing his final manuscript ‘The Buddha and His Dhamma’. Finally, he left all of us on December 6, 1956, at his home in Delhi.