Surdas, the great devotee of Lord Krishna and one of the prominent figure in Bhakti movement in India during 14th to the 17th century. He lived in the 16th century and was blind. Surdas was not only a poet but also a singer like Tyagaraja. Most of his lyrics had written in praising Lord Krishna. His works contain two literary dialects Braj Bhasa, one in Hindi and other being Awadhi.
He followed Hinduism and as well as Sikhism. He influenced Bhakti movement and the hymns also mentioned in Guru Granth Sahib, the holy book of Sikhs. His father name was Ramdas Sargwat and his collection of works were written as ‘Sun Sagar, Sun Saravali, and Sahitya Lahari. The literary works of Surdas show and explains the strong bondage between Lord Krishna and his devotees.
Surdas Early Life
At the very early age, he was interested to visit Vallabha Acharya to listen to his teachings on life and various issues. Gradually, he was influenced by Vallabha Acharya and started writing Hymns on Lord Krishna. Since his childhood, he was blind. However, as a keen observer of voice and memory, easily wrote poetry and singing them with sweet vocal voice.
According to the historians, Surdas born in 1478 AD or in 1483 AD and died in 1561 AD or 1584 AD. According to Vallabhite story, Surdas was blind from his childhood, so that the poor family of him neglected and forced him to leave the house to live by begging. At that time he lived on the banks of Yamuna river. In the meantime, he came to know about Vallabh Acharya and became his disciple. Since then his life molded as a great poet and devotee of Lord Krishna.
He composed the great literary work ‘Sursagar’. In that book, he described Lord Sri Krishna and Radha as lovers and also explained the grace of Lord Krishna with Gopis. In Sursagar, Surdas focuses on the childhood activities of Lord Krishna and his naughty plays with His friends and Gopis. Sur also composed the Sur saravali and Sahityalahari. These two poetic works composed approximately one lakh verses. Due to the obscurity of the times, many verses had been lost. He narrated the Holi festival with rich literary work. In the verses the narrated about Lord Krishna as a great player and narrated the life’s philosophy through broking the pot.
In his rhyme,s we can listen to the epic story incidents from Ramayana and Mahabharat. With his poems, he described beautifully about all incarnations of Lord Vishnu. Especially every devotee can impact when read Sant Surdas poems on Hindu legendaries of Dhruva and Prahlada.