Abhinavagupta was a famous musician and poet born in 950 AD in Kashmir. His works made a lot of cultural influence on Indian society. His father was Narasimha Gupta and the great devotee of Lord Shiva and mother Vimala. When Abhinavagupta was two years old, his mother died. Then Narasimha Gupta taught him the grammar, literature and logic. So Narasimha Gupta was his first teacher to evolute the thoughts of Abhinavagupta in logic and Philosophy. Later he studied under the guidance of nearly fifteen teachers and Gurus. He wrote many books. His famous book was Tantraloka which narrated about the philosophy and Kashmir Shaivism. He also wrote the comments about the Natyasastra of famous Bharata Muni. The Buddhist logic influenced Abhinava which would be helped him to write his famous books.
Abhinava had a brother named Manoratha, who was also a great devotee of Lord Shiva and wrote devotional verses on the themes of praising the God. He had also a sister named Amba married at very early age, after her husband died, she completely spent the life in the memory of her husband Karna. Amba and Karna had a son called Yogesvaridatta who had tremendous talent in Yoga. Entire his family had precious talents in various areas, which were connected with devotion.
Disciples Contribution in the Success
Abhinavagupta had talented and devotional disciples, among them, Ramadeva was one. He served to his guru Abhinavagupta and learned about the theories of logic and literature. Ksema was another disciple of Gupta. Ksema was also the childhood friend of Karna who was the cousin to Abhinavagupta. All his disciples worked and learned with his Guru to write the comments on Natya Shastra and logical philosophical books. However, his beloved disciple Vatasika was credited for every successful work of Gupta.
He lived in the peaceful area and arranged the place as his Ashram.
Many disciples spent there to learn the new concepts. The environment made him enlighten the spiritual powers and infuse to bring new theories. Every disciple around him had also the same spiritual power and treat Abhinava as their spiritual master. In one side his family support, fortunately, his cousins and brothers also the spiritual leaders and the disciples had also a very genius and lead the best quality of life. So that only Abhinavagupta completed the magnificent work of Tantraloka which is still an admirable book and following its principles at present.