Birbal was born in 1528 AD in a small village Tikawanpur near Kalpi, Uttar Pradesh, India. His real name was Mahesh Das and father Ganga Das was a scholar and mother Anabha Davito housewife. Birbal was the third son of their parents and the family belonged to Bhatt-Brahmin clan. His forefathers had a lot of association with poetry and literature. He educated at the local school and at the early age learned Sanskrit, Persian and Hindi. Though he wrote prose, poetry and also influence in music, due to these skills he easily got the job in the court of Raja Ram Chandra of Rewa in the name of ‘Brahma Kavi’. He married a woman, who belongs to the rich respected family. There was also a fable that he was very poor before the appointment at Mughal court.
Birbal and Akbar
He met Akbar at some time between the years 1556 to 1562 AD, and then the Mughal emperor admired the skills and wit nature of Brahma Kavi and employed him in the court. In very few years he became the ‘Kavi Priya’ and got the title of ‘Birbal’ from Mughal Emperor Akbar. He played the role of Hindu advisor in the court of Kabar and solved many complicated problems when Akbar faced at various times. He had a close association with the emperor and one of the members in ‘Navaratnas’ in the court of Mughal Emperor. His life story and the humorous wit knew us as the Birbal Stories in the Indian subcontinent. He joined in the religion of Din-i-ilahi, which founded by Akbar.
The Afghan Yousafzai tribes had started the rebellion against the Mughal rule for a long time at the banks of the Indus River. With their fierce fight, many Mughal troops killed and had been continuing. To stop these attacks and suppress the rebellions, Emperor Akbar sent a troop under Birbal in 1586 AD. He started at the banks of the river Indus to help the commander Zain Khan. During his journey, he needs to pass into a narrow path in Swat Valley. There the Afghans waiting for the attack on the Mughal troops. Whenever the troops enter into the narrow pass, the rebels killed Birbal along with 8000 soldiers. Even the body was also not be found for Hindu cremation. Like this tragically he ended the life, who made everyone happy and still making us happy with Birbal stories.