Tansen Great Indian Musician:
Tansen, one of the greatest musician in the world. He was born on 1506 and died in 1589. and worked in the court of Great Mughal Emperor Akbar. He was considered as one of the Navaratnas in Akbar court.
Tansen Early Days:
He was born in a Hindu family. He was named Ramtanu, all are called him as Tannu or Mukul. Since his childhood days, he had a tremendous talent in singing traditional songs which were composed with the ragas. Tansen became the disciple of Swami Haridas, who was a legendary composer from Vrindavan, a part of Gwalior court of Raja Mansingh Tomar. He had very talent in Dhrupad style of singing. With the profound teachings of Swami Haridas, made him compose the lyrics in local languages. During his preparations in attaining good singer, his father passed away and he fell in gloomy about his future. He left every procession in despair due to his father’s death.
Later he inspired with the preachings of Muhammad Ghous who was his spiritual leader. He guided Tansen to remove the despair and gloomy attitude and made him the real purpose of life. Tansen inspired from Muhammad Ghous, and he realised the purpose of his life as a musician. He also married Husseini, who blessed him with five children. His five children also attained the great knowledge of Ragas and settled as the famous composers in later years.
A carrier as Musician:
After the training in composing ragas from Swami Haridas, he took the blessings from him and joined in the court of Raja Ram Baghela, a great patron of arts. The musician remained on the court from 1555 to 1562. His reputation spread to Mughal emperor also. The great Mughal emperor Akbar heard the greatness of Tansen and invited him to his court as a musician to appease his courtiers by singing the ragas. There was another story also the cause of his advent to Mughal court that was once Akbar’s daughter listen to the songs of the musician and impressed with the talent of Tansen. She said to his father Akbar the greatness of Tansen as a musician and asked Akbar to invite him to stay in the Mughal court. As she wishes, Akbar invited Tansen to his court and presented him with one lakh gold coins on his first performance.
People believe that Tansen could create miracles with his songs. It is said that he could create rain by singing the monsoon rag Megh Malher. He could create fire by singing Rag Dipak. Earlier he followed the Bhakti tradition and created lyrics and sand in praising God. Later he followed Sufi tradition. His notable works are Miya ka Bhairav, Darbari Kanada, Miyan Ki Malhar, Miya ki Todi, Ragheswari, Darbari Todi and much more. The famous Dhrupad style of singing credit totally goes to Tansen and his Guru Swami Haridas. Still, Tansen influencing the young talented singers to create new ragas.
The great musician died in 1589 and his burial body takes rest in the mausoleum complex of his Sufi guru Shaikh Muhammad Ghaus in Gwalior.