Pranayama is the fourth limb of Ashtanga Yoga:
Pranayama is derived from Prana, means life force. Ayama means control. Combine the two words Pranayama means controlling the breath. Patanjali in his text of Yoga Sutras mentioned Pranayama. In his literature, he said that practising these asanas causes the practice attain the higher state of awareness and also mentioned if he holding the breath of reaching Samadhi. The practice of Pranayama helps to make the body and mind healthy.
Usually, people attract towards Yogasanas, similarly, they have an attraction to Pranayama. The practice of these yoga asanas depended on controlling the breath, which is the indicator of life. If it is done wrongly, it may be doing harm to the person. During the practice, one should follow the guidance of the teacher. The practice under the guidance of experts on can learn soon and could get benefits of Practising Yoga.
Practising Pranayama one can control the energy within and learn the proper way to breath. With the technic of breathing, we can increase the capacity of Lungs and supply oxygen every organ of the body properly. The benefits of the Pranayama proved by the scientists.
According to the speed of breathing it is divided into three parts. They are
1.Quiet Breathing – It is a smooth breathing that continuous without any effort.
2.Deep Breathing – The protracted breathing, means deliberate storing down of the breathing.
3.Fast Breathing – Caused by the deliberate increase in the speed of breathing.
The four stages of Pranayama:
1.Aramba – This is the first stage. When a person interested, he awakened to start the
2.Ghata – Second stage, where three carries gross and subtle merges to cover the soul.
3. Parichay – This is the third stage where the practice gets familiar with the knowledge of Pranayam.
4. Nispati – This is the final stage where the practice goes beyond his physical body unites with the supreme.
Type -1: Keep both the nostrils open and then inhale and exhale with as much speed as possible and as much time as feasible.
Type -2: Take up Pranava Mudra and close the right nostril with the help of the thumb of the right hand, and inhale and exhale through the left nostril.
Type -3: Same here left nostril closed and do the inhale and exhale quickly with right nostril.
Type -4: In this close the right nostril and inhale through the left nostril and immediately close the left nostril and exhale with the right.
Type -5: Doing opposite the previous one.
Type -6: This is practice quickly by following type-4 and type-5.