Lal Bahadur Shastri Biography

Lal Bahadur Shastri Biography

lal bahadur shastri

Lal Bahadur Shastri, the famous freedom fighter and the second Prime Minister of India. He was well-known as Prime Minister without his own house. He was born in 1905 in Prayag and lost his father at the early age of barely one and a half years. So he took responsibility for his family at the age of a teen. He went to Varanasi to pursue his education. There he sheltered with a teacher named, Mishraji. Mishraji had good knowledge of Indian History. He often narrated stories about brutal British rule in India and how India lost its freedom to the British. Lal Bahadur inspired the stories about how the freedom fighters sacrificed their lives to make India Independent. The inspired Lal wanted to join in the freedom struggle to break the fatal chains of British rule. 

Gandhiji’s Impact on Lal Bahadur Shastri:

In the meantime, Gandhiji came to Varanasi as part of his non-cooperation movement. Then he spoke his views on the movement and explained the younger’ need to participate in the freedom struggle. During that period, the movement was increasing, and everywhere in India, the youth supported the movement. Hence, Lal Bahadur Shastri wants to boycott the school and not appear in examinations. This decision disappointed his uncle and Mishraji, so they urged him to appear for exams. But his mother profoundly trusted Lal Bahadur Shastri, even though she encouraged his decision to participate in the Non-cooperation movement. His mother’s blessing made Lal Bahadur Shastri fully involved in the non-cooperation movement. During the non-cooperation movement, he was arrested many times and went to prison even though he didn’t stop his studies and completed his degree in Philosophy.

Non-Cooperation Movement:

Later in the non-cooperation movement, he went to Harijans as a social worker to improve their lives. He married Lalitha and shifted to Allahabad, where he served as the District Congress committee secretary. He participated in the 1929 Lahore session of the Congress and spoke out against the British Raj. During his speech, he fitfully advocated the importance of Purna Swaraj. His speeches made him a perfect leader who can be trustworthy. The British police arrested him and sent him to Jail. During his stay in Jail, his wife Lalita Devi gave birth to Kusum, their first child. The couple had two other children, Hari and Suman.

Lal Bahadur is dedicated to participating in Gandhiji’s non-cooperation movement. The Britishers banned the congress party for its lethal force against Purna Swaraj. During that period, Lal Bahadur Shastri gathered other freedom fighters and travelled around India, spreading Gandhiji’s message. He was also arrested and kept in Jail for seven years. Even Lalitha Devi also not permitted to meet her husband for 18 months. Finally, Lal Bahadur Shastri was released from prison in 1946 and played his previous role in freeing our Motherland.

Lal Bahadur Shastri as an Administrator

Finally, the freedom fighters succeeded in getting India under the leadership of Mahatma Gandhi on August 15, 1947. The British endorsed their power in India to Indian leaders. Then the first government was formed under the supervision of Nehru as Prime Minister of India. In Nehru’s cabinet, Lal Bahadur Shastri was appointed Minister of Police. In the second term of Nehru as Prime Minister, Lal Bahadur Shastri was appointed Secretary of the Lok Sabha. Later he worked as a Railway and communication minister and finally served as Home Minister in the Nehru cabinet. He played Nehru’s right-hand role in Nehru’s era. Nehru died on May 27, 1964, and then Lal Bahadur Shastri became the second Prime Minister of India. He served India with beneficial reforms. During his period, he concentrated on self-sufficiency in food production and succeeded.

Lal Bahadur Shastri Death:

He responded fiercely when Pakistan attacked India on the Kashmir front in 1965. In the war, the Indian army attacked Pakistan and sent back their troops and gain victory. Later in 1966, a cease-fire happened between the two neighbouring countries, resulting in international pressure. Due to the pressure of International society, Lal Bahadur Shastri went to Tashkent to hold talks with Ayub Khan. That night Lal got a heart attack and passed away from us in Tashkent. He was posthumously conferred with the Bharat Ratna Award.