Lal Bahadur Shastri Biography
Lal Bahadur Shastri, the famous freedom fighter and the second Prime Minister of India. He was well known as Prime Minister without an own house. He born in 1905 in Prayag and at the very early age of barely one and a half year, lost his father. So he took responsibilities of his family at the age of teens. He went to Varanasi to pursue his education. There he sheltered with a teacher named, Mishraji. Mishraji had good knowledge of Indian History. He often narrated the stories about brutal British rule in India and how India lost the freedom to the British. Lal Bahadur inspired to the stories about how the freedom fighters sacrificed their lives for the sake of making India, Independent. The inspired Lal wanted to join in the freedom struggle to break the fatal chains of British rule.
Gandhiji Impact on Lal Bahadur Shastri:
In the meantime, Gandhiji came to Varanasi in the part of his non-cooperation movement. Then he spoke his views on the movement and explain the need of the youngers to participate in the freedom struggle. During that period the movement was growing rapidly and everywhere in India the youth supported the movement. Hence, Lal Bahadur Shastri wants to boycott the school and not appear examinations. This decision made disappointed his uncle and Mishraji, so they urged him to appear for exams. But his mother had profoundly trust in Lal Bahadur Shastri, even she encouraged his decision of Participating in Non-cooperation movement. The blessing of his mother made Lal Bahadur Shastri fully involved in the non-cooperation movement. During the non-cooperation movement, he was arrested many times and went to prison. Even though he didn’t stop the studies and completed his degree in Philosophy.
Later the non-cooperation movement, he went to Harijans as a social worker to make their lives better. He married to Lalitha and shifted to Allahabad, where he served as secretary of the District Congress committee. He participated in the 1929 Lahore session of the Congress and spoke out against the British Raj. During his speech, he fitfully advocated about the importance of Purna Swaraj. His speeches made him a perfect leader who can trustful. The British police arrest him and sent to jail. During his stay in Jail, his wife Lalita Devi gave birth to Kusum, their first child. The couple had two other children Hari and Suman.
Lal Bahadur Totally dedicated to participating in Gandhiji’s non-cooperation movement. The Britishers banned congress party for its fierce force for Purna Swaraj. During that period Lal Bahadur Shastri gathered other freedom fighters as a group and traveled around India spreading Gandhiji’s message. That time also he was arrested and kept jail for seven years. Even Lalitha Devi also not permitted to meet her husband for 18 months. Finally, Lal Bahadur Shastri released from the prison in 1946 and played his previous role to free our Motherland.
Lal Bahadur Shastri as an Administrator
Finally, the freedom fighters succeeded in getting India under the leadership of Mahatma Gandhi on 15, August 1947. The British endorsed their power in India to Indian leaders. Then the first government formed under the leadership of Nehru as Prime Minister of India. In the Nehru’s cabinet, Lal Bahadur Shastri appointed as Minister of Policy. In the second term of Nehru as Prime Minister, Lal Bahadur Shastri appointed as Secretary of the Lok Sabha. Later he worked as a Railway and communication minister and finally served as Home Minister in Nehru cabinet. He played a Nehru’s right-hand role in Nehru’s era. Nehru died on May 27, 1964, then Lal Bahadur Shastri became the second Prime Minister of India. He served India with beneficial reforms. During his period he concentrated on self-sufficient in food production and succeeded.
Lal Bahadur Shastri Death:
He responded very fiercely when Pakistan attacked India on the Kashmir front in 1965. In the war, the Indian army attacked Pakistan and sent back their troops and gain victory. Later in 1966, a cease-fire happened between the two neighboring countries and result of International pressure. Due to the pressure of International society, Lal Bahadur Shastri went to Tashkent to hold talks with Ayub Khan. That night Lal got a heart attack and passed away from us in Tashkent. He was posthumously conferred with the Bharat Ratna Award.